What Do You Learn In Cosmetology School?
First, the question needs to be asked, "What is cosmetology?" Cosmetology is much more than just the simple study of learning how to cut hair or give a manicure. To earn a cosmetology license, the student must undergo a training course outlined by the licensing board of the state where they will be training. The instruction received must also be provided at a state licensed training facility for a specified number of hours. The student will also need to perform a required number of operations in each area of study in order to achieve their completion certificate. Training requirements for cosmetologists vary from state to state but there are a number of areas of study that will need to be undertaken by all cosmetology students.
Cosmetology classroom course studies required include:
-Sanitation practices for implements used on patrons (combs, brushes, scissors, etc.), and good salon hygiene to prevent the spread of disease or infection
-Basic chemistry to enhance understanding of how different chemicals will affect the body and interact with other chemicals as well as possible allergic reactions
-Science relating to the human body including anatomy (the study of muscles, nerves and bones relating to areas of the body that a cosmetologist will perform treatments on), bacteriology, nutrition, and ergonomics
Practical studies include:
-How to analyze face shape and body type to make an appropriate recommendation for hair style or makeup application
-The basics of hair cutting and shaping using clippers, scissors and shapers (razors) as well as all aspects of hair care. This includes proper cleansing and conditioning agents, correct shampooing technique, how to properly apply chemical agents for color, straightening or permanent waving of the hair, the use of styling aids and tools and how to perform a scalp massage
-How to identify and recommend proper treatment for scalp and minor skin conditions and, when appropriate, to refer the patron to a qualified medical professional
-Skin care including proper cleansing techniques and preparations for all different skin types, black head removal, facial masks and toners as well as how to administer a facial massage
-Makeup and cosmetic applications
-How to perform a manicure and pedicure, hand and foot massage, the use of nail polishes, how to apply various types of artificial nails, decals and other nail art
Students will perform the various operations under the supervision of a certified cosmetology instructor on both fellow students as well as paying patrons. This allows the student to flex their creative muscle as well as acquire real-world experience in their chosen profession.
With this outline, a better understanding of what is cosmetology should be apparent but to truly understand the meaning; look at the root of the word. First, the ending of the word, ology, means the study of. The first part of the word is derived from cosmetic, which comes from the Greek words kosmetikos - skilled in the art of adornment, and kosmein - the art of arranging and adorning.
When asked what is cosmetology, most would say it is the art of cutting hair and artful makeup application but the cosmetologist can tell you that it is much more. A skilled cosmetologist not only enhances the appearance, but also strives to bring a sense of well-being and confidence to their client.